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099. Học tiếng Trung

10. Tiếu lý tàng đao (笑裡藏刀 – 三十六計)

10.Tiếu lý tàng đao (笑裡藏刀 – 三十六計)


Tra từ tiếng Hán



公孫鞅取河西
戰國初年,秦國還不算是強國,秦孝公為了強大國力,便下令徵才來輔助國政,這時候,公孫鞅便來到秦國,他後來幫孝公振興國家,孝公便將商地封給他,後來人們就稱他為商鞅。


西元前340年,孝公又派商鞅領兵攻打魏國,魏王派公子魏卯迎戰,商鞅知道後十分高興,立刻寫封信給魏卯。


信的內容是:「想起以前在魏國和你相處的情形,十分令人懷念,今天雖然我們輔佐的人不同,可是我還是很珍惜彼此間的友情,我也不想和你處於敵對的狀態,如果可
以見面談談,想出一個對雙方都可以接受的辦法,訂立合約,就不用動刀槍,如此不是兩全其美嗎?」魏卯信以為真,便答應商鞅的提議,見面後相談甚歡,沒想到,宴會結束後,魏卯中了伏兵,成了階下囚,商鞅便乘機攻打魏軍,魏軍吃了敗仗,魏王不得已只好將河西割給了秦國。


三十六計之第十計:笑裡藏刀先用和善親切的態度取得對方的信任,等對方解除戒心,再暗中計畫打擊對方的計謀。


English version


Strategy 10: A Dagger Sheathed in a Smile



Strategy 10 : A Dagger Sheathed in a Smile
  In the early years of the Warring States Period, Cin was not yet a strong country. In order to strengthen his country, Cin Siao Gong recruited talented people to assist him in governing the country. Shang Yang was one of those people who came to Cin and helped advise Cin Siao Gong on how to reform Cin. For his contributions, Cin Siao Gong awarded Shang Yang both land and title.
In 340 BC, Cin Siao Gong appointed Shang Yang as general to attack the country of Wei. The king of Wei sent prince Wei Mao to lead the defense. Shang Yang was very glad when he heard this. He wrote Wei Mao a letter immediately.
  Shang Yang wrote, “The time we spent together in Wei was a precious memory to me. Although we are serving different masters now, I still treasure our friendship very much and do not want to be hostile towards you. So why don’t we meet and talk about a solution that is acceptable to both of us and sign a peace accord without the use of force? Wouldn’t this be a perfect outcome?” Reading this, Wei Mao was naive enough to believe it and accepted his invitation. They met and had a very pleasant talk. However, when the talk was over, Wei Mao was ambushed on his way back and captured as a prisoner. Shang Yang took this opportunity to launch an attack against Wei and won a big victory. As a result, the king of Wei had to cede the territory west of the Yellow River to Cir.
Strategy 10: A Dagger Sheathed in a Smile
   Befriend and charm yourself to the enemy. After you have gained his trust, you can then plot against him in secret.


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Tam thập lục kế: Kế thứ mười :Công Tôn Ưởng giữ Hà Tây



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